Globally, there had been a serious quest to alleviate environmental pollution over the years. On the contrary, due to increasing population and advance in technology, even more pollutants are being introduced to the environment. Is there any way out?
We can’t give a satisfying answer to the question above without the understanding of the facts about pollution.
Pollution in it’s simplicity, can refer to the contamination of the environment. In a broader scope, it comprises the level of contamination such that the environment is unfit for human health. Substances which cause pollution are known as pollutants.
Majorly, pollution can be classified as;. ✓ Land pollution ✓ Water pollution ✓ Air pollution and ✓ Noise pollution. For the purpose of this article, we might pay little attention to this aspect of pollution. The first three types of pollution implies the contamination of the land, water and air respectively. Noise pollution occur when the environment is filled with irregular and discomforting sounds.
Some of the causes of pollution among others include the following; Burning of fossil fuels, agricultural activities, mining activities, construction and demolition, factories, industries and volcanic eruption. Obviously, pollution is being caused by humans and nature.
Pollution has done more harm than good in affecting our normal lifestyle. It disturbs the ecosystem and balance in the environment. These effects might advance to it’s peak making life more horrible. Notable effects of pollution are; global warming, acid rain, contaminated water, unsafe habitat for aquatic animals, soil erosion, stinking dirt on soil surface, ear problem and physiological disorders.
The aforementioned effects draws our mind to the fact that pollution, any of those categories, is a serious threat to human health. Most people suffer from different fatal diseases as a result of environmental pollution. In fact, most patient’s illness is directly or indirectly related to pollution. Some of these diseases are, asthma, lung cancer, cholera, diarrhoea and physiological issues like stress, high pretension and hearing impairment.
The adverse effects of pollution calls for effectual remedies. There is an uproar to minimize pollution to it’s lowest level. Therefore, let’s look at some useful control measures of pollution:
Control of pollution
1. Waste management, this can be based on the ‘3Rs’ reduce, recycle and reuse. This practice enables the reuse of mostly solid waste such as metals and plastics.
2. Excessive and undesirable burning of vegetation should be avoided.
3. Automobile engine should be improved to favor complete combustion of gasoline and diesel oil. Also, use of other source of energy other than fossil fuels should be promoted.
4. Non-combustible solids like glass, tins and ash rubbish if not useful again should be gotten rid of by landfill method in shallow depths.
5. Government should endeavor to sensitize the public on the dangers of environmental pollution and encourage them to prevent it.
6. Sanction driven legislation should be made and implemented.
7. International agencies should ban the public use of high toxic pollutants such as lead, mercury and organ chlorine pesticide. Local authorities also have a bit of their role here to enforce such regulation.
8. Biological control should be developed and promoted in agriculture to relinquish the use of harmful pesticides, fungicides and herbicides
9. Agencies should be organized to monitor and ensure conservation of marine resources.
10. Pollution explosion should be on the check through scientific, administrative and social measures.
In conclusion, pollution has greatly contributed to many environmental anomaly and pose great threat to human health. Effective control measures can make our environment free from pollution.